Most plants and animals cannot adapt at the rate the climate is changing, scientists have said.
A study of more than 250 species found their ability to change their “climactic niche”, the conditions under which they can survive, will be vastly outpaced by future changes in rainfall and temperature.
Although some animals might be able to move to cope with rising temperatures, others live in isolated areas which they cannot leave.
Donald Trump just completely changed his mind on climate change
North Pole above freezing amid ‘sudden’ climate change
Children win right to sue US government over climate change fears
Amphibians, reptiles and plants are particularly vulnerable, according to US researchers and tropical species are at higher risk than those which live in temperate zones.
Ecologists analysed how quickly species had changed their climatic niches over time, and how these rates compared with that of global warming.
They analysed 266 populations of plants and animals, including insects, amphibians, birds, mammals and reptiles.
Rates of change in climatic niches were much slower than rates of projected climate change, by more than 200,000 fold for temperature on averag,, they said.
In October, the most comprehensive survey of wildlife ever carried out suggested the world is hurtling towards the first mass extinction of animal life since the dinosaurs were wiped out 65 million years ago.
By 2020, the populations of mammals, birds, fish, reptiles and other vertebrate species are on course to have fallen by more than two-thirds over a period of just 50 years, the Living Planet report found.
Click on image to enlarge.