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Wollemi Pine.

A man looks at a frond of Wollemi Pine in his hands.

Photo: Mapping the Wollemi Pine genome could take until the end of 2020. (ABC News: Jonathan Hair)
Related Story: Secret bid to save prehistoric Wollemi Pines
Related Story: Precious Wollemi pine trees flourishing at the National Arboretum
Hidden in a top secret location within a national park near Sydney, are some of the rarest trees on earth — so rare that anyone found putting them at risk can be handed huge fines, or jailed.
Key points:
It’s the first time the Wollemi Pine’s genome has been mapped
The tree is extremely endangered with only 140 plants left in the wild
The project aims to establish if the pine has the genetic infrastructure to defend itself against diseases


The severe safeguards are for good reason — the Wollemi Pine, a tree which outlived the dinosaurs, is so critically endangered that the wild population could be wiped out by disease in an instant.
But a new research project is aiming to unlock the secrets of the ancient species, by mapping its genome for the first time.
“There’s about 140 individual plants in the wild, and that’s it,” said David Crust from the NSW National Parks and Wildlife Service.
“And the other thing that makes it really rare is it’s confined to a really small geographic area,” he said.
That geographic area is the Wollemi National Park, located to the north-west of Sydney.

Photo: The Wollemi Pine’s genome is twice the size of the human genome. (ABC News: Jonathan Hair)

Until recently, the Wollemi Pine was thought to be extinct because it was only found in fossils that were millions of years old.
But in 1994, ranger David Noble discovered the trees growing in the wild.
Since then, huge efforts have been made to protect the pines, including making their location top-secret and restricted — because they are extremely susceptible to disease.
“There’s really serious penalties … fines of up to $220,000 and imprisonment of up to two years for any act that endangers the plant,” Mr Crust said.
“The reason [the locations] are confidential is so we can protect the pines from any kind of disturbance or damage,” he said.
Researchers from the National Herbarium of New South Wales and Deakin University have teamed up to map the Wollemi’s genome — a huge task which could take until the end of next year.

Photo: The exact location of the pines is kept secret to protect them from damage. (Jaime Plaza/Botanic Gardens Trust)

It will help the scientists to better understand why the Wollemi’s wild population has declined to critical levels.
“The question we’re asking is, does the Wollemi Pine have the genetic infrastructure to provide resistance and a defence against those diseases,” Dr Maurizio Rossetto said.
“We’ll have a better understanding of how to manage it on site, but also how to translocate it into a new location, if that’s what we decide to do in the future,” he said.
“Maybe being in that location for such a long time, it didn’t need as much protection,” Larry Croft from Deakin University said.
The work is not easy — the pine’s genome is twice the size of the human genome.
When asked if there is a chance the Wollemi is not equipped to survive in the modern world, Dr Rossetto concedes it is a possibility.
“Unfortunately it is one of the possible reasons why it’s rare,” he said.
“It doesn’t have the genetic make-up to resist some of the introduced, or even the native natural diseases.”
If that’s the case, saving the Wollemi Pine’s wild population will take more than keeping its location top-secret.

https://www.stuff.co.nz/national/106822450/weed-killer-wreaking-havoc-on-new-zealands-grass-cuttings?rm=a

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Are our Councils catching up with reality?

Jun 13, 2019 — 

A small victory in our fight for our environment. Activism works again thanks to all who shared posts and contacted the departments.

The aerial spraying of RoundUp within Wollongong and Shellharbour cities will be subjected to a complete review following public uproar over its use, it has been revealed.

Thousands of people had voiced their concern it was reported the spraying was set to commence this month, covering Perkins Beach and Hill 60 at Port Kembla, Coniston Beach, and Bass Point.

Wollongong City Council had earlier announced it would review its use of weed suppression strategies to make sure they fit community expectations.

“We have listened to the concerns of the community with regards the use of Roundup, and are looking to refine or adjust methods to manage the bitou bush on the five targeted sites using the best science available,” Cr Bradbery, the Illawarra Shoalhaven Joint Organisation chair, said.

“I have requested a complete review to be undertaken of the proposed aerial spraying with RoundUp across targeted Illawarra sites by the IDWA.”

If you want your local shire , school neighbours to stop using roundup please send them this letter

https://www.beethecure.com.au/wp-content/uploads/2019/05/STBA_Infosheet_10QuestCoun-VR0_18-4-19-1.pdf

If you want to hear how dangerous Roundup is and how corrupt Monsanto/Bayer are and why they are being sued and losing billions of dollars watch this YouTube clip

Please sign this petition

www.change.org/Glyphosate

Thanks to the Illawarramercury for covering the story.

https://www.illawarramercury.com.au/story/6214158/complete-review-of-roundup-spraying-ordered-for-illawarra/

https://www.independent.co.uk/environment/ddt-ban-pesticide-damage-ecosystems-new-brunswick-study-a8955171.html

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Round Up spraying.

 
 

Glyphosate (roundup) aerial spraying in Port Kembla   What about the honeybees, indigenous bees and the honey contamination? Residents are concerned that just as some countries are banning the herbicide glyphosate – it will be sprayed from the sky above them in Port Kembla.  Residents were informed recently that the Illawarra District Weeds Authority would be spraying from helicopters in late June.   It’s part of annual spraying to combat  Bitou…

https://www.theguardian.com/environment/2019/jun/10/frightening-number-of-plant-extinctions-found-in-global-survey

https://www.abc.net.au/news/2019-06-11/rat-infestation-on-lord-howe-island-splits-residents/11180624

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It always works for me.

The Japanese have known for years that spending mindful time in the woods is beneficial for body and soul. Now western doctors – and royals – agree

Harriet Sherwood

Harriet Sherwood @harrietsherwood

Rees & Mount Aspiring National Park Dart and Cascade Saddle Track
It is believed that time spent under the green canopy is critical in fighting a number of diseases and conditions. Photograph: Murdo MacLeod/The Observer

Every day, apart from when it’s raining heavily, Dr Qing Li heads to a leafy park near the Nippon Medical School in Tokyo where he works. It’s not just a pleasant place to eat his lunch; he believes the time spent under the trees’ canopy is a critical factor in the fight against diseases, of the mind and body.

Once a month Li spends three days in forests near Tokyo, using all five senses to connect with the environment and clear his mind. This practice of shinrin-yoku – literally, forest bath – has the power to counter illnesses including cancer, strokes, gastric ulcers, depression, anxiety and stress, he says. It boosts the immune system, lowers blood pressure and aids sleep. And soon it could be prescribed by British doctors.

Last week the Woodland Trust suggested forest bathing – which doesn’t, despite its name, involve getting in water – should be among a range of non-medical therapies and activities recommended by GPs’ surgeries to boost patients’ boost wellbeing.

Social prescribing”, a growing movement in the NHS, can include volunteering, gardening, sports activities, cookery and befriending.

Forest bathing is an opportunity for people to take time out, slow down and connect with nature. We think it could be part of the mix of activities for social prescription,” Stuart Dainton of the Woodland Trust told the Observer. “Evidence about its benefits is building.”

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cool working days.

https://www.independent.co.uk/environment/climate-change-global-warming-end-human-civilisation-research-a8943531.html

Ideal regeneration working days.

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Winter is here.

Cooler days means after summer clean up.

https://www.theguardian.com/us-news/2019/jun/03/science-institute-that-advised-eu-and-un-actually-industry-lobby-group

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Round-up.

https://www.smh.com.au/national/sydney-councils-move-to-ban-roundup-weedkiller-over-cancer-fears-20190524-p51quo.html

I asked the contractors who were hosing out a weedkiller on our rural road verges, next to drains, what they were spraying. They told me it was Glazon

https://www.hunker.com/12003813/what-are-the-dangers-of-grazon-herbicide

https://radio.abc.net.au/stations/RN/live?play=true

.

https://www.ecowatch.com/co2-levels-top-415-ppm-2637007719.html?rebelltitem=2#rebelltitem2

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